Victory Day of Bangladesh - 16 December
December 16 is a national victory day of Bangladesh. This day is celebrated all over the country and in the whole world. This day is locally known as “Bijoy Dibos”. Here, “Bijoy” means “Victory” and “Dibos” means “Day”. On this day in 1971, West Pakistani (Present Pakistan) Army surrendered to the Bangladesh after the 9 month long liberation war and as result, Bangladesh gained her victory. Now this day is a national holiday in Bangladesh and people celebrate this day with great joy. All the people enjoy this day with parades and paying respect at the National Memorial at Savar near Dhaka.
On 16 December, victory day mainly associated with parades, political speeches, fairs, concerts, and ceremonies, and various other public and private events for celebrating the history of Bangladesh. Because in 1971, on this day, Bangladesh gained her victory which was established by the thousands of Bengali peoples blood and life. Not only Bangladesh gained her victory on that day but also Bangladesh gained her proper respect and rights.
After the night of March 25 in 1971, when the Operation Searchlight was started, Pakistani Army killed thousands of Bengali people in only one night and as a result, the Bangladesh liberation war was broke out. On that night, the main reinforcement was Dhaka, Khulna, Chittagong, Comilla, Jessore, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Saidpur and Sylhet, areas where West Pakistani army units were concentrated. Pakistani Army also arrested Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and other top class political leaders, intellectual persons and some students. But the next day on March 26 in 1971, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the Bangladesh’s independence and on 28 March in 1971, Major Ziaur Rahman made another announcement of the Bangladesh’s independence.
But after that announcement, Bangladesh liberation war was broke out into the whole country. After the hard fighting, lots of people sacrificed their life for the victory and 7 Bir Sreshthos made a great contribution in the history. But finally on 16 December in 1971, Pakistani Army surrendered to the joint liberation forces of Bangladesh freedom fighters and Indian army Headed by Lt. Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora (the Allied forces commander) in Dhaka. Air vice Marshall A. K Khondoker represented the Bangladesh freedom fighters. Pakistan General A. A. K. Niazi (Commanding officer of the Pakistani Armed Forces) signed the surrender letter. As a result, Bangladesh totally gained her victory in 16 December, 1971 after the 9 month long liberation war with an unconditional surrender of the West Pakistani Army. At least 3 million people were martyred in this war.
Now this day is observed all the over the country with joy and respect because this victory day marks the separation of East Pakistan (Present Bangladesh) from West Pakistan (Present Pakistan). Thirty one gun salutes is conducted in the morning. TV and radio stations broadcast their special programs. The leader of the country pays the tribute to the martyrs at the National Memorial. Patriotic songs are play in all the channels and the whole country. The main streets are decorated with national flag. It is an essential day in the Bangladesh’s history and this day remember us the born of Bangladesh.